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General Information about Coimbatore

Coimbatore is very much known for its Tourist attractions. There is lot of Places to visit in and around Coimbatore. Coimbatore is otherwise called as textile city. The city houses textile mills catering to export.

Coimbatore is also an Industrial city where small scale Industries flourish. Coimbatore houses many Educational Institutions in the field of Engineering and Arts & Science Colleges.

Now from small pins to heavy machinery are manufactured here. Coimbatore is now a metropolitan city with a population covering all religions, races. It is well connected with every big city all over India by Rail, Road, Air and also digitally.

To reach every city in South India, there are 3 ( +1 ) Mofusal Bus Stands and one Omni Bus Stand, one Town Bus Stand, three Railway junctions, and an Airport. Since the Climate of Coimbatore is cooling around the year, the city is called Poor Mans Ooty also.

Coimbatore was populated with Kamma Naidus and Gounders. With their hardwork, they grew Cotton in the Black Cotton Soil. Since the cotton growth was high, the British started the first Cotton Mill 1888.

Due to location of Coimbatore opposite the western ghat in Palghat, the climate of Coimbatore is cool around the year and best suited for cotton growing and cotton spinning.

The development of Hydro Electricity from Pykara falls in the 1930′s led to the installation of pumps and increased cotton cultivation in Coimbatore. Due to availability of cotton in large quantity, many cotton mills were started then.

This gave rise to starting of engineering industries to produce spares for the cotton mills and then the machinery, followed by production of pumps & motors. Due to these then the city was called Manchester of South India and Detroit of South India etc.

The term Kongu means honey or nectar of flowers. The Kongu country had vast stretches of forests. It was believed to be rich in honey or nectar of flowers and hence it came to be known as the Kongu. The people who lived in that part of the Tamil country were called as Kongars.

The ancient Kongu country extended upto River Kaveri in Mysore. The people of this region identified themselves by either wearing garlands of distinct flowers or by having the totem of an animal or a bird. They especially wore garlands of Kongam flowers ( Cochlo spermum Gossypium ).

The ancient Kongunadu comprised of the Southern Mysore region. The Kongu country had distinct physical features. After the Kongar occupied the modern Coimbatore region the Kongu country extended upto the parts of the present Kerala The upland parts of the Kongu country had general elevations of over 3000 feet.

The general slope of this region was towards south – east as indicated by the course of the rivers Kaveri and Kabini. It was the rain shadow region and the climate was highly variable in character. This difference in rainfall was reflected in the vegetation.

The forest region of Kongunadu belonged to the deciduous forest classification.

The only fertile and alluvial plain of the ancient Kongu was the central part of the plateau where the river Kaveri and Kabini flow. This part was called as Punnadu – the land of water.

The Kongu country consisted of a mass of hills on the east between 3000 and 3700 feet high. The Anamalai hills formed the southern boundry of the Kongu country.

In between the Vellimalai ranges and Anamalai ranges, a few kilometers south – west of Coimbatore lies the Palghat Gap. The Palgat Gap is of historical importance from the pre historic times. The Nilgiris is the next important hill range of Kongunadu.

The major river of the Kongu region both in the ancient and modern era is the river Kaveri. It rises in the Bagamandala near Thalai Kaveri in Coorg and flows south – eastwards across the plateau.

The Bhavani rises in the silent valley forests of the Valluvanda taluk of the Malabar District. Before it enters into the Kongu, it joins with the Siruvani, rising in the Attapadi valley of Kerala.

Amaravathi rises in the Anjanda valley of the Kerala State between the Anamalai hills and the Palani hills. It descends in a northerly direction and widens at Kallapuram, the mouth of the Ajanda valley in Udumalpet.

In the Salem district, the Toppur River which was also known as the Toppiar or the Veppadiyar is one of the minor tributaries of the river Kaveri.

The Sarabhanga-nadi is another tributary of the Kaveri River. This is formed by the union of two streams, namely the Omalur East River and the Omalur West River.

The Geology of the Kongu country is very interesting. While in the Coimbatore district, all the rocks belong to the great gneissic series, iin the Salem and Dharmapuri district, rocks belong to granite, syenite, charnockite, foliated granitic gnesis, amphibolite, ultramatic rocks – Bluish grey to dark grey coarse grained rock of the Northern Kongu.

The mineral wealth of the Kongu country is noteworthy. Iron oredeposits were extensive, though of low grade. The deposits were found in the districts of Chitteri, Rasipuram, Namakkal and Valliampatti areas.

Further, from the Sangam verses, we can conclude that Kongu was rich in Gold deposits. It is also to be noted that two – thirds of the Roman coins were obtained from Coimbatore and its surroundings.

This substantiates the belief that Kongu country was a bone of contention of the three great Tamil monarchs as well as the other great ruling powers of the South India.

The climate of the Kongu country was generally more pleasant than that of the adjoining parts of Tamilnadu. The year was divided into four main seasons; the dry season from January to March, the hot season from April to May, the Monsoon season from October to December, and the pleasant months were January and February.

Because of the interior location of the Kongu country, it was not directly affected by the tropical cyclonic storms and depressions of the Bay of Bengal. Kongu country occassionally received heavy downpours particularly in the parts of Coimbatore, Nilgiris, Talaimalai and the Anamalai hills.

General Information about Coimbatore.

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General Information | Coimbatore | Climate | Agriculture | River | Noyyal | Soil | Language | Clothing | Literacy | Season | Coimbatore Tourist Places | Coimbatore Special | Coimbatore Information | Kovai Special | Anamalai Hills | Kongunadu | Kongu | Climate of Coimbatore | Coimbatore Hills | Coimbatore Tourist Spots | Coimbatore Tourist Attractions | Textile City | Coimbatore Industries | Coimbatore Bus Stands | Geology of the Kongu Country | Coimbatore Rivers | Coimbatore District Details | Coimbatore | Tamilnadu |
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